Complete Biography Of Rabindranath Tagore

Biography of Rabindranath Tagore:

Biography of Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore is such a personality which is very difficult to express in words. He was rich in such talent, whose whole life can be an inspiration or learning. He is one of the rare writers who can not be found easily anywhere.

Rabindranth was also known as a poem poet and Guru to make an unforgettable impact on the minds and hearts of his readers. Rabindranath Tagore was a reputed man in Bengal's cultural vision.  He was not only a poet or a writer, but he was the center of the era of literature which was known as the cultural ambassador of India. He is also known as national anthem along with his poems.

Biography of Rabindranath Tagore

Biography of Rabindranath Tagore

He was born in a Bengali family in Jorasanko Mansion, Calcutta, India. This mansion was the ancestral home of the Tagore family. He was the last child of his parents. He had a total of 13 siblings.  His father was one of the founders of a great Hindu philosopher and religious movement of 'Brahmo Samaj'.

Rabindranath was known as Rabi in childhood. His age was very low when he was left with his mother.  And the father used to stay away from home most of the time. That's why he came home and were raised by the servants of the house.

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Education of Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore was a versatile personality since childhood.  He took his early education first at home and later he took his education from St. Xavier, a famous school in Kolkata.

But since childhood, Rabindra's mind seemed to write stories and poems.  That is, he liked writing the feelings of his heart on paper. This is the reason why the literary genius also started developing in them. So later he has made a different identity as a great poet, thinker and writer.

His father wanted that Rabindra Nathji became a barrister, for this, Rabindra's father made his admission in a London university where he studied law studies. But he left studies in the meantime for no degree. And began to try to learn many of Shakespeare's works in his own way. From there, he returned to India after learning the essence of English, Irish and Scottish literature and music.

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Establishment of Santiniketan

In 1901, Tagore had established an experimental school in Santiniketan in the rural area of ​​West Bengal with just five students. These five people also included their own son. At present, about six thousand students in Visva-Bharati, who got the position of National University in 1921. Santiniketan settled in the neighborhood of this.

Where he tried to mix the best of India and Western traditions. Shantiniketan established by him is recognized as an ideal university throughout the country in the field of literature, music and art education. Many talents like Indira Gandhi have received education from Shantiniketan.

Music and Art

Along with a great poet and writer, Guru Ravindranath Tagore was also an excellent composer and painter.  He wrote about 2230 songs - these songs are called Ravindra Music. It is an integral part of Bengali culture. The national anthem of India and Bangladesh, written by Rabindranath Tagore, is also part of this Rabindra music.

At approximately 60 years of age, Rabindranath Tagore started showing interest in drawing and painting.  He incorporated the style of different countries from his art.

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Awards and Achievements

In 1940, Oxford University honored him with the Doctorate of Literature at a special function held in Santiniketan.

His most popularity in English-speaking nations grew from his composition 'Gitanjali'. It gave him a lot of fame in the world.  And he was honored with the prestigious Nobel Prize in literature for this.  At that time he became the winner of the non-European and Asia's first Nobel Prize winner

Rabindranath Tagore was honored with Knightwood by British Crown for his many famous and celestial works, which he later returned in protest against the massacre at Jalianwala Bagh in 1919.

Death of Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore died on August 7, 1941 in Kolkata. As a great poet, patriot, philosopher, humanist and painter, Rabindranath Tagore will always be alive in the heart of every Indian.

His contribution to Indian literature is very big and unforgettable.  In his Rabindrasangeet, two songs became very famous because they are the national anthem of "Jana Mana Gan" (National anthem of India) and "Amar Sonar Bangla" (National Anthem of Bangladesh).  His creative writing, whether in poetry or story form, still can not challenge it.  Perhaps he is the first person who reduced the distance between east and west with his effective writing.

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